All about backyard birds

What Do Cardinals Eat & How To Attract Cardinals, cardinal food

Northern cardinals eat mainly seed and some insects, sunflower seed, cracked corn and insects like crickets, spiders and flyes are favorite cardinal food. Wild grape, blackberry, and wild berries are also common food for these bird. In winter these birds will mainly eat seed, and in mating season insect will be feed to baby birds to provide protein boost.


The red cardinal that migrate over winter are likely to eat other type of food from the cardinals that are non migratory. Northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis), stay on one location and are limited on what they eat on their year-round location. This birds are seed and fruit eaters, and that is a majority of Northern Cardinal food. Insects do make part of cardinal diet, about 1/3 of the food comes from insects like crickets and flies, but only when these insects are active and around. Farmers consider these birds helpful, as cardinals eat pest insects that harm the crops, like  cotton bollworms, grasshoppers and snails. That’s why these birds are welcome friends to our backyard and must be protected. They are attracted to Cardinal Blend seed that you can provide in cardinal feeder.

Cardinal Eating Habits

Hooping on the ground and foraging from the low shrubs and trees is the favorite Northern Cardinal food finding tactics. They have a heavy short and reddish beaks that can easily crush seed, so they can eat larger and harder seed types that birds with smaller beaks cannot eat. The grooved upper mandible holds the sunflower seed firm while the sharp-edged lower mandible slides forward and crack and husks the food. The bird then swallows the inside nutmeat.

Large part of researchers believe that Northern Cardinals find a mate for life, but when winter comes, the birds do not feed together, when the new season comes in spring the birds are reunited again. A that time you can see the male birds bringing Sunflower Seed  to him mate, welcoming her back. Usually she waits looking like a baby bird with her wings all aflutter, all exited and happy. And the male tenderly gives her the food with love like he is kissing her for the first time.


If you install the cardinal feeder,  Cardinals will come and eat almost anything provided to them. But the favorite seed is Sunflower Seed , cracked corn and safflower seed. Cardinal Blend seed is its favorite food. The Northern Cardinals will come to your feeder and you will see the distinct reed color of the birds. As only 1/3 of the bird diet is insect, they will come to the bird feeders often. If you have a garden, you can install the feeder next to it and the birds you attract will help by eating the pest on your plants.

Check a great cardinal feeder review here.

Although cardinals like to eat on the ground, they will readily come to bird tables, trays on posts and trees, window feeders, and hanging feeders with perches provided for them. These birds usualy come back to the same feeders every day.

Provide water for the cardinals in winter and in summer, the birds find it important year round, but remember to keep it unfrozen. The birds use baths and water supplied all the time, in winter lakes and rivers can be frozen. If the bird uses the bath its going to get wet, in this case he cannot fly as fast, so place it in a place where birds can see cats and predators. You will find that all variety of birds will come to bath in ponds, streams and lawn sprinklers.  


What Do Cardinals Eat At Bird Feeders?

How to attract cardinals? If you like to feed cardinals in your garden, install a bird feeder with perches, and use Cardinal Blend seed you’ll see that cardinals eat mostly from the ground, but they will fly up to the feeder, and eat the seed. 

 Cardinals can’t resist: 

 - Sunflower Seed

 - Cracked Corn

 - Safflower Seed

Safflower seeds are unpopular among other birds, so if you want to attract just cardinals to your garden, put some safflower seeds in a cardinal-exclusive bird feeder. If you want to attract more variety of birds than do mix seeds. This Kaytee Cardinal Blend mix is a great choice for attracting these birds!

What Other Food Can You Offer?

You will also see that cardinals enjoy millet, peanuts, raisins, white bread and squash seeds. They will readily come to this type of food. In winter, also, they will happily fly to suet balls, especially if there is a few sunflower seeds putt inside of them!

Locations
Cardinals do not migrate, and as a result they usually  spend entire lives within one or two mile radius of the place they were born. In the United Stated of America, the cardinal is the official bird of seven states. These states include: Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Virginia and West Virginia.

Unlike most wild birds, Cardinals appear to actually be benefiting and flourish from the growth of urban cities. With so many city parks, backyards, and homes offering bird feeders cardinals are growing and thriving. Since the eighteenth century, the cardinal population in the continent, and popularity have been growing steadily.

Nesting
Can i attract cardinals with a bird house? Cardinals build open nests and are not cavity nesters. . Since cardinals do not stay and build the nest in birdhouse you can install it to attract other birds, by installing a Backyard Bird houses a new family can inhabit it every year. Sometime other birds will nest in the box, and you can enjoy them.

Cardinal build nests from dry leaves and twigs, combined with types of dry grass and slips of grapevines is in the area. It is usually finished off within with nice bent grass, wrought in a circular form. Cardinal eggs in the nest may number from just three to even six and are of a bluish beige color, and are marked with little of olive-brown.

Cardinals tend to build their nests without much consideration of the location. Cardinal nests can be found in bushes, small trees, often build near the fence, right in the middle of a field,  and in bird houses, not far from a cooling stream. Cardinals love to swim and bath in little water creeks, springs and steams. This is where you can usually find them

Nesting Life Cycle

Cardinals usually raise two broods of young per year. They mate in March and again from May to July. The female usually lays four eggs. The eggs take about 12 days to hatch. Cardinals usually build cup-shaped nests in small trees, bushes, shrubs and thick vines that are no more than three to eight feet off the ground. Their nests are made of twigs and bark and are lined with grass, moss and other soft materials. Young cardinals leave the nest after 11 days and they can fly within 20 days



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